Threads

Basic information about threads suitable for needlework

Roman Schmock - April 18, 2023

Threads

In this and the following article, he focuses on the different types of threads and especially the material from which they are made. So, if you are interested in handicrafts, especially drumsticks, this article can provide you with useful information. There are many different types of thread, but this time we will focus only on those that are suitable for handwork. Threads

Threads are made from both natural and synthetic materials, and each of them has its own specific properties. Threads made from natural materials include, for example, cotton, linen, silk, bamboo threads and others. Threads made from synthetic materials are, for example, polyester, nylon, polyamide, metal, Teflon, Kevlar threads and many others.

Cotton threads are soft and pleasant to the touch, linen threads are strong and durable, polyester threads are suitable for working with water and silk threads have a luxurious appearance and are suitable for delicate work. It is also possible to use threads from other materials, such as bamboo fiber, which is environmentally friendly and durable. Threads

Each material has its own specific properties and is not always suitable for every use. Therefore, it is good to know at least the basic properties of these materials. Choosing the right thread is very important for handicrafts and can affect the final look and quality of your work.

Basic division

Each of these materials has its own properties that affect their suitability for use for various purposes. Nowadays, modern materials are also available that have special properties, such as high tear resistance, water resistance and UV resistance.

Threads from natural materials

Cotton

Bavlna
Cotton
Cotton threads are made from natural cotton fibers. Yes, cotton is a plant from which threads are created through gradual processing. The cotton fiber is soft and pleasant to the touch. Therefore, they are very suitable for the production of clothes that are in direct contact with the skin. Cotton has excellent absorbency. Cotton threads have excellent color fastness, which means that the colors will remain vibrant even after several washes. Cotton threads are readily available in many different gauges and colors, so finding the right thread is easy.

JUST

len
Linen
Linen threads are another natural material used for making threads. Flax threads are very strong, durable and withstand frequent use and washing very well. Linen threads have very good absorption properties. Linen fiber is able to absorb up to 30% of water and at the same time it does not feel wet. Linen fiber is also able to reflect the sun’s rays much better than cotton. It is stated that linen calves are able to reflect up to 70% of UV radiation. Other properties include that flax is naturally antibacterial and antistatic. Linen threads have a natural look and texture, making them a popular material for rustic or natural styles. Linen threads are also easily dyed, so they easily adapt to different decorative styles.

Natural silk

Hedvábí
Silk
Silk threads are made from silkworm cocoons and are known for their luxurious texture and appearance. Silk is very fine and soft to the touch. Silk threads are therefore very suitable for the production of dresses, scarves and other clothes that are worn directly on the skin. Silk has a natural luster that gives silk threads a luxurious and elegant look. This luster is important for making dresses and other textiles to be beautiful and elegant. Silk has a natural resistance to mold and bacteria. Silk threads are beautiful and unique, which is why they are very popular. However, they are also quite expensive and difficult to maintain, so they are not suitable for everyday wear.

Bamboo

Bambus
Bamboo
Bamboo fiber is a relatively new material used in the textile industry. Threads made of bamboo fiber are soft and pleasant to the touch, similar to silk. Bamboo fiber is obtained from bamboo leaves. Bamboo fiber has high strength and tear resistance, ability to absorb moisture, has very good antibacterial properties. Bamboo fiber also has natural UV. Bamboo fiber threads are also hypoallergenic and suitable for people with sensitive skin.

Threads made of synthetic materials

Polyester threads

polyester
oleic ester
Synthetic polyester thread is commonly used for sewing, knitting, weaving and many other purposes. Due to their high resistance to moisture, mold and insects, as well as their elasticity and smoothness, they are suitable for outdoor use where high resistance to wear and heavy loads is required, as well as for the production of clothing and other textiles that are used frequently. These properties, along with high color fastness, easy maintenance and good resistance to washing, make polyester threads a popular choice for many different applications. Available in many different thicknesses and colors, it’s easy to find the right thread for each of your creations.

Micro polyester

mikropolyester
Micro polyester
Here I would also like to mention the knitting yarn made from micropolyester (I don’t know if I will ever write a separate article about knitting yarns). Yarns made from 100% micropolyester are soft, supple and very popular in the production of toys, blankets and clothes. However, I would like to point out that there is a huge difference in the quality of the processing of these yarns, not only between different manufacturers, but also between individual brands from the same manufacturer. It is also more suitable for applications that are not exposed to heavy use. Also, this yarn does not like to be washed frequently and it can happen that over time it “swells” (the fibers begin to loosen).

Nylon threads

nylon
Nylon
Nylon threads are synthetic fibers made from nylon polymers. These types of threads are characterized by high strength, elasticity and abrasion resistance. Nylon threads are very popular for the production of outdoor textiles such as backpacks, tent tarps or sleeping bags. Due to their ability to resist tearing and cracking, they are also ideal for use in the manufacture of sports equipment such as tennis rackets, climbing ropes or basketball nets. Nylon threads are available in many different colors and thicknesses, allowing for a wide range of uses for different purposes.

Acrylic threads

Akryl
Acrylic
Acrylic yarns are very similar in appearance and behavior to wool, and their combination with other materials is a very popular choice for knitting and crocheting. These synthetic threads are made from acrylic fibers that come in many colors and textures. Acrylic threads have great strength and resistance to moisture as well as high resistance to UV radiation. Acrylic threads are very easy to maintain and waterproof, making them an ideal choice for making clothing and accessories for outdoor activities. In addition, acrylic threads are very soft and pleasant to the touch, which makes them comfortable to wear. What also makes acrylic threads so popular is their price. Thanks to the low price, they also combine acrylic threads with other more expensive, often natural, materials to make the final combination cheaper.

Final thoughts :-)

So we got to the end and some will surely argue that I forgot wool, mohair, viscose, kevlar, polypropylene, elastane, teflon, metal threads, …….. and many more. I write here only about those that we ourselves use most often, we know their properties and possible most suitable use. In the next articles, I want to focus on the marking of threads and yarns. Later, when there is interest, I will also focus on individual materials, their specific properties, possibilities of use and our specific experiences.

In case you notice any missing information or inaccuracies, I would like to assure you that I am a human, not a robot :-). If you have any questions or comments, please contact me at roman@jimot.cz, or directly under this article on Facebook.

Roman